2 Corinthians 1-4

God comforts us through others who have also been afflicted.
We were severely afflicted in Asia (Turkey).
We deal honestly with you, but we had to change our plans and not see you.
God is faithful, and all His promises are kept in Jesus Christ.

The timing would have made for a painful visit, and I didn't want that just now.
If the sinner has repented, make sure everyone forgives him, so he isn't crushed.
We bear the aroma of Christ to the world, though it smells like death to unbelievers.

We don't need to commend ourselves to you - you yourselves are our letter of recommendation!
Our ministry in the Spirit is more glorious than Moses' ministry of condemnation.
We are headed for glory and unveiled, face-to-face fellowship with the Lord through the Spirit.

We renounce underhanded cunning in our ministry.
We proclaim the God who shone light at the beginning, and who shines it in our hearts to see Jesus.
But we proclaimers are fragile and afflicted, so everyone sees God has the power.
We do all we do for your sake, that faith and grace may abound among you.
Our afflictions now are nothing compared to the glory coming, so we can bear it.

How this is about Jesus
We see the ministers of Christ afflicted and not always trusted or accepted by their disciples.  This is how it was with Jesus, who bore our scorn, rejection, misunderstanding and worse for us.

Deal straight up with people for their good.  When your selfishness dominates your life, you tend to assume others are selfish, too, when they may not be. (This was the Corinthians' problem toward Paul.)
Cope with current affliction by looking ahead to the glory coming.
Forgive those who are sorry for their sins, or they may despair and become bitter.


2 Chronicles 13-14

Abijah, Rehoboam's son, fights against Jeroboam, and prophesies well against him.  Jeroboam ambushes him, but Judah wins the battle.

Abijah's son Asa reigns.  There is peace in his time, except Ethiopia comes up and attacks with a million soldiers.  Asa is prepared with 580,000 men, and faithful in reforming the nation's worship and prayer before the battle.

It is important to know the purpose of any warfare.  Is it national self-interest, defense? Is it for a proper cause?  Both Abijah and Asa fight rightly and well.

2 Chronicles 10-12

Solomon's son Rehoboam becomes king.  Jeroboam, a past challenger to the throne, sees his chance and returns from Egypt where he was hiding out.  He gets Israel to ask Rehoboam for less burdens on the workforces.  Rehoboam's older counselors advise agreeing, but he rejects them for the counsel of his peers, who say to throw his new found weight around.  This causes rebellion, and the 10 tribes of Israel break away from Judah and Benjamin forever.

Rehoboam tries to reunite them by sending his workforce commander, but they stone him.  He summons an army to force reunification, but God speaks through a prophet against it, and he listens.  He fortifies cities in Judah and Benjamin instead.
The Levites leave Israel, thrown out by Jeroboam, and go to Rehoboam in Judah.
Rehoboam's chief wife is Absalom's daughter.  Her firstborn Abijah, Rehoboam grooms to be king.

Egypt's Pharaoh invades and conquers much of Judah, since Rehoboam doesn't remain faithful to God.  It seems he takes the ark, since "he took away everything" (12:9).  Rehoboam reigns 17 years, humbles himself before God, and "conditions are good" (12:12).

How this is about Jesus
When we forsake Jesus as His disciples, we scatter and are divided.

Solomon's dynastic empire is short-lived in glory.  The temple treasure and articles are carried off already.  10 of the 12 tribes go off on their own.  All because of unfaithfulness.

2 Chronicles 7-9

God's glory fills the temple (like it did the tabernacle when it was completed in Exodus 40).
The temple is overflowing with sacrificing, and the people feast for a whole week.
After it's all done and the people go home, God comes to Solomon quietly at night and says He will answer his prayer: He will forgive when they repent, but exile them if they rebel.

Solomon takes 20 years building the temple and his house.  He fortified and supplied cities.
He keeps Pharaoh's daughter, who he has married, out of places where the ark has been, beginning what signifies a divided loyalty in heart to his women and his God.
He goes on a joint sailing expedition with Tyre and they reap much gold.

The Queen of Sheba (an African kingdom south of Egypt) visits Solomon and is blown away by his wealth and good order.  They exchange gifts and he answers all her questions.  (Must have been quite the philosophical and worldview exchange!)
Solomon's wealth described.  All the kings came to visit him and hear his wisdom.  He became famous for the thing he asked God for at the beginning of his reign: wisdom.
Solomon dies after a 40 year reign.

How this is about Jesus
7 - At the consummation of all things, we will have a feast centered on the slain Lamb, expressing God's forgiveness and adoption of His children/people.
8 - Unlike Solomon, Jesus has one bride and she is holy like the Father.
9 - Jesus is the wisdom of God.  One greater than Solomon is here, Jesus said, speaking of Himself.


Lust // Head Coverings // ISIS atrocities on NYT

David Brooks of the New York Times shines the light on ISIS's brutality and deliberate return to Medieval Islam.

Kevin DeYoung on lust.

Ben Merkle on the Gospel Coalition on head coverings, arguing the argument from nature is indirect in 1 Corinthians 11, thus the specific practice of head coverings is not required today.

Gregg Strawbridge on head coverings, makes a big deal of 1 Corinthians 11:16, that there is no apostolic tradition or position to assert as far as the specific practice.

2 Chronicles 4-6

Temple altar made - about 30 feet square and 15 feet high.
Water basin made, holding 18,000 gallons set on 12 bronze oxen for a stand.
10 tables for bread made, with 10 lampstands
Dishes and utensils also.

Solomon brings in the ark, sacrificing many animals and all the Levites are there praising God with music.

Solomon preaches from a pulpit in the temple built for the occasion.  He recalls God's promise to build David a house, and declares it fulfilled, since he is on the throne and the temple is built.  He kneels on the pulpit and prays, extolling God and asking Him to hear prayers from this temple.  The main purpose of answering these prayers is that Israel and all nations might know and fear God.

How this is about Jesus
Though Solomon declares God's promise fulfilled, there is a deeper fulfillment in Christ being the Son of David on the throne (Luke 1:32-33) and being the temple rebuilt and more glorified (John 2:19-22).

Does our public worship today reflect God's beauty, and a zeal for God's name and promises kept in Christ?


New Life and Conversion

Part 9 - The Holy Spirit
Chapter 41 - Regeneration and Conversion - Subjective Salvation

Because of the work of Christ, and the Spirit applying that work to us, many things happen to us.  The gospel isn't only objective events, but an inward change in people.  We begin with regeneration and conversion.

The Old Testament required a contrite and tender heart toward God.
Jesus told Nicodemus we have to be born again, by water and Spirit, to see the Kingdom of God.
This fits with Ezekiel's promise to sprinkle water on us and give us a new heart (36:25-26).
We don't see regeneration, but see what it does (John 3:7-8):
- faith, good works, rejecting sin, love, fruit of the Spirit.
Paul speaks of a new creation, or resurrection, which all means regeneration.  All these metaphors for new spiritual life emphasize that God is sovereign over and does it.

1 Peter 1:23 and James 1:18 speak of our being born again by the Word of God.  This seems to describe not the absolute beginning of our spiritual life, but our growth in new life.
[I think I disagree with Frame here.  It seems instead that Paul speaks of our conversion and regeneration combined.  He IS talking about the beginning of our spiritual life, which is almost always attended by the Word as a midwife.]

Regeneration can happen at any point, including in infancy.  John lept for joy in Elizabeth's womb, at the coming of Jesus, also in utero.  [A powerful reminder of the person-hood of the fetus in the womb!]  God may regenerate many who can't express faith in response to the Word.

It is a gift from God (Acts 16:14), but nevertheless something we DO.
Faith is made up of knowledge, belief and trust.
Knowledge is what we know about God, His Word, especially our sin and His holiness, His remedy found in the cross and resurrection of Christ.  Faith is just a blind leap in the dark without knowledge.
Belief is accepting this knowledge as true.  This is sometimes called assent.
Trust is letting this belief govern your life, submitting yourself to Jesus, loyalty to Him.  The demons lack this, though they know and believe that Jesus is the savior (James 2:19).
The Bible sometimes talks about faith or belief but means less than saving faith.  John 8:31 is an example.
Faith leads to good works.  Works don't earn salvation, but are an evidence of faith.
Faith is required for salvation, except for those incapable of expressing it (infants and the disabled).  We need to urge faith in Christ upon all.

The flip side of faith, we have sorrow at the knowledge of our sin, renounce it believing it to be wrong, and leave it as we go to Christ and are governed by the truth we believe.
Repenting doesn't earn your salvation, but it is necessary for salvation.
We need to live lives of repentance, not just at our conversion.  Humble quickness to repent is desperately needed in the church today!


The Call of God

Part 9 - The Holy Spirit
Chapter 40 - Calling

God applies the work of Christ's redemption to us through the Spirit, Who calls, regenerates, converts, justifies, adopts, sanctifies, preserves, and glorifies us.  This is the traditional ordo salutis, order of salvation.

The Father decrees our salvation (normative perspective - Ephesians 1:4), the Son accomplishes atonement in history (situational perspective - Eph. 1:7), and the Spirit applies it to us personally (existential perspective - Eph. 1:13).

We are justified from our guilt (normative), adopted instead of punished (situational), and regenerated from our corruption (existential).

Effectual call
This is a summons into fellowship with Christ.  It comes at a point in history, so the elect are dead in trespasses and sins until the call takes effect.  When it does, we do not resist it, but respond with faith.  The Father calls us, while the Spirit regenerates us.

Other callings of God are the call to
- church office - Rom 1:1; 1 Cor 1:1
- faith, in the free offer of the gospel - Prov. 8:4-5; Matt.22:14
- vocation - 1 Cor. 7:20-24 is used here, but doesn't directly name our professions or roles in life as callings.


Thank God for same-sex ruling?? // Dump Trump // Hope in Organic and Oil?

1.  This is one of the best things I've read on the high court's same-sex marriage ruling.
There are actually good things that will come of this.  His first reason of 5 is insightful.  It reminds me of Bonhoffer's question: what do I do if my nation asks of me something God forbids?
"God is behind this and is not only using the decision to judge the nation for its abandonment of Him and the marriage covenant, but is also using it to stir up His people to stand steadfast..."

2.  Quoting Doug Wilson, on Trump:
"Donald Trump’s ball cap tells us that he wants to make America great again. Cool. On whose terms? For a certain kind of conservative, the desirability of America being great is a given. Of course we should be great — that’s axiomatic. Why? Follow the argument closely here: because we’re us!

"I would much prefer that we meet the conditions of being made great again, and that cannot happen apart from a genuine humbling and bone deep repentance. This contrasts sharply with Donald Trump’s biblical tone deafness on the subject of repentant humility. “I think repenting is terrific.”

"Humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, and He will lift you up. Anything else is seeking out a divine smack down. God opposes the proud, and that would include proud conservatives."

3. Desiring God has a great article up about organic food, essential oils, and similar things, that we are tempted to put hope in.  Which hope comes out in how evangelistic we are about them in our relationships.  I see a lot of lip service paid to the truth here (these things don't save us, of course), but then pressure later in one on one conversations (but you really need this, this is really better, you're hurting yourself if you don't switch).  It's another form of legalism, if we aren't careful, overly relying on what is (maybe) a good thing.

1 Corinthians 13-16

Love is the greatest spiritual gift.  Without it all my tongue-speaking, prophecies, faith and giving aren't worth anything.  Love is patient and kind.  It doesn't envy, boast, be rude or insist on its way, doesn't resent people or rejoice at wrong.  Prophecies and tongues and knowledge will pass away, but not love.  It will become stronger when we see God face to face.

So pursue love.  And prophecy is better than tongues, because you build others up more with it.
Stay orderly in public worship, interpreting tongues, and keeping women from trying to speak with such authority.  Thinking yourself a prophet, even being one, doesn't make you exempt from other spiritual authority.

Central to our faith is Christ's resurrection.  He appeared to all the apostles, many others, and to me last.  So how can some of you assert there is no resurrection?  Your faith is pointless then.  Our resurrection will be like Christ's, and will consummate His kingdom.  Why should we work for Christ or at all if there is no resurrection?  Objecting that we don't know what our bodies will be like is silly. We already see different kinds of flesh on earth, so we have an idea.  Natural man, Adam came first, and the spiritual man Jesus last.  Just as we began like Adam, we will finish like Jesus.  We will all change, either at death or His coming, from perishable to imperishable.  Death will be conquered - Jesus got the victory!  So work hard, because your labor counts for eternity.

Take a collection every week, and save it up for when I come to bring it to Jerusalem.
I'd like to stay with you for a while, but I'm in Ephesus doing important work right now.
Respect Timothy, though he is young, and Stephanas and Fortunatus.
Do everything in love.
The Asian (Turkish!) Christians greet you.
Christ's grace be with you.

2 Chronicles 1-3

Solomon goes to Gibeon to worship God, and God speaks with him, asking him to ask for anything he wants.  Solomon asks for God to keep His promise He made to David about his rule, and for the wisdom to rule well.  God grants it, and promises wealth and honor along with it.  Solomon becomes very wealthy as an arms middleman between Egypt and Syria.

Solomon buys wood and fabric from Tyre, for wheat, wine and oil.  He organizes all non-Israelites (former Canaanites?) into a workforce.

Temple building begins.  Lots of wood overlaid with gold.  Two cherubim to go over the ark, and two pillars with capitals.

Solomon trades fairly with the nations.  Just because Christ is King of kings and will subdue all nations to Himself, is no reason to take advantage of other nations.

Israel is building a temple for an ark they already have from Moses.  But everything else is remade.  New wineskins for new wine, but the same God, people, covenant and history at the root of it all.

1 Chronicles 26-29

26 - Levites who were gatekeepers, treasurers and judges are listed.
27 - Military divisions: there were 12, one for each month, and 24,000 soldiers to each.  They do not appear to be by tribe, which was new since the time of the judges.  Tribal leaders are given next, so this identity isn't gone.  Stewards of the king's flocks, fields, vineyards and treasuries are listed.

28 - all this organization has been buildup to building the temple.  David again charges Israel and Solomon to build it, after asserting that God made Judah and David leader of Israel.  He presents detailed plans for the temple.  David has prepared all the material and organized manpower.  All that's left for Solomon is to do it.

29 - David publicly gives gold and silver to the temple work and calls on Israel to give, and they do.  David thanks God and calls on Israel to worship Him, and they do.
Solomon is installed as king and David dies.

How this is about Jesus
There is a parallel with Jesus' life.  Building His church doesn't really begin until after His death.  Note the future tense in "I will build My church" (Matthew 16:18).  But He organizes His people into 12 divisions/apostles to prepare for it.

Lead by example in worship and giving, as David does here.
The military appears to be a "serve 1 month out of the year" reserve style, rather than a standing army.  Hm...
Organization has a larger purpose than just feeling good about yourself.  What is the purpose of any and every nation?  To glorify and aggrandize itself?  NO.  To build and beautify a place for the worship of God, and direct all its people to do so.


1 Chronicles 23-25

David organizes the 38,000 Levites who are 30-50 years old.  24,000 help with the temple sacrificial service, 6,000 are judges, 4,000 gatekeepers, and 4,000 musicians.

David organizes the priests into 24 divisions, taking turns offering the sacrifices.

Musicians are noted - 288 skillful ones.  Note that they "prophesy."  Song writers are prophets.
Asaph works under the king's (David) direction.
They are also organized in 24 divisions, taking turns in the temple.

How this is about Jesus
He organizes His church in the New Testament similarly, with elders (like priests leading worship, song and sacrifice of praise) and deacons (Levites helping with all body life administration).

It's interesting the priests and levites couldn't organize themselves well and needed the king to step in and do it.  Or this just happens providentially to show the priest and king roles merge in Christ, the fulfillment of King David.  In any society, comparing the state, family and church, the state is usually the most developed as far as leadership and resources poured into it.  But there are times in history when the church or the family received more focus than the state.

If you have an important task to do, organize yourself to make sure it gets done!

1 Chronicles 20-22

Defeat of the Ammonites, with the Bathsheba incident left out.
Defeat of Philistine giants - Goliath's tribe and kin.

David sins by taking a military census (1,570,000 in Israel and Judah).
God has him choose a punishment, and he chooses the one that doesn't involve others conquering.
God does have mercy, though 70,000 die first.  He stops at a certain spot in Jerusalem, which becomes the temple site.  David intercedes for Israel there.  He buys the property at personal cost, sacrifices, the plague is stopped there, and fire comes down from heaven on it.  David names this the spot for the future temple.

David prepares material for the temple, and charges Solomon to build it, and his administration to help him.

How this is about Jesus
Chapter 21 is central.  The angel dealing out the plague stands between heaven and earth over Jerusalem, just as Jesus hangs on the cross between heaven and earth, taking the plague and curse on Himself.  He intercedes for His sheep, pleading His own blood.  David insisted on the sacrifice costing himself and none other, and Jesus does likewise, to the hilt.

Offer as full and complete recompense for your sins as you know how.
Provide for your children opportunities and direction to work for God.  Identify the giants and go take them out.


1 Chronicles 17-19

David tells Nathan the prophet that he plans to build God a temple.
God comes to Nathan and says no, but God will plant Israel securely and give David an everlasting  lineage.  David's son will build a temple.
David goes to God and thanks Him humbly for all He has done: "Let it be as you have said."

18 - David defeats Philistines, Edom, Moab, Ammon, Amalek, and even Syria.
The Ammonites insult Israel.  Israel musters for battle.  Ammon hires Syrian mercenaries, and it's a tough battle, but thanks to Joab and Abishai, Israel wins.  The Syrians muster their whole country after the mercenaries lose, and Israel defeats them again.

How this is about Jesus
These chapters pre-figure Jesus in two ways.
17 - He is the son of David who will have David's throne forever (Luke 1:32).
18-19 - He is the King of kings, who will subdue under Himself all nations.

Sometimes God has other plans, when we are all piously resolved to do great things for Him.
God's people have many enemies, but He will see them protected and victorious.
We need to fight when the enemy seems overwhelming, instead of fleeing or giving up.