Through Haggai, God convicts Israel, returned from exile, for not building the temple with as much vigor as they build their own houses. Israel listens, and builds. Haggai encourages Israel with the promise that this temple will be filled with glory, even though it appears humble now. Israel has offered unclean works from unclean hands until now. But from the day the foundation is laid, God now shows favor and blesses Israel. God singles out Zerubbabel, the governor. Promising that he will stand, even when all other kingdoms are shaken.